Updated on: Sep 21st, 2023 | 10 mins read
Fixed deposits (FDs) are a common financial choice for many Indians. They provide guaranteed returns and are regarded as a safe investment choice. Many investors are unaware of a practice known as FD laddering, which might help them maximise their FD returns. In this post, we will define FD laddering and show you how to utilise it to optimise your returns.
FD laddering is a method in which you divide your entire investment amount among various FDs with varying maturities. Instead of putting all your money into one FD, you can build a ladder of FDs with varied maturity periods. The main concept is to have many FDs mature at different dates so that you may access your money as needed while still generating higher returns.
For example, let’s say you have ₹1 lakh that you want to invest in an FD. Instead of investing the entire amount in one FD, you can divide it into four FDs of ₹25,000 each, with maturity periods of 1 year, 2 years, 3 years, and 4 years. This way, you will have access to your money every year as each FD matures while earning higher returns than investing in a single FD.
FD laddering has various advantages over single FD investments. The following are some of the primary benefits:
Investing in multiple FDs with varying maturities generates higher returns than investing in a single FD. This is because longer-term FDs often provide higher interest rates. You may take advantage of these higher rates via FD laddering without locking in all your money for an extended period.
You can access your money at different times through FD laddering. When an FD matures, you can withdraw or reinvest it in another FD with a different maturity period. This gives better flexibility and liquidity than investing in a single long-term FD.
Interest rates fluctuate and may change over time. You may reduce interest rate risk by spreading your assets over multiple tenures via FD laddering. If interest rates rise, you can reinvest your maturing FDs at higher rates. If interest rates fall, you can reinvest your maturing FDs at lower rates, but only for a part of your overall investment amount.
Implementing FD laddering is a straightforward process. You can do the following steps:
Determine your investment amount: Determine how much money you wish to put into FDs.
Select your FD tenures: Determine the maturity dates for each FD. When deciding on tenures, keep your financial goals and liquidity requirements in mind.
Calculate your investment amount in each FD: Divide your entire investment into several FDs of varying amounts based on your selected maturity periods. For example, if you have ₹1 lakh to invest and maturity periods of 1 year, 2 years, 3 years, and 4 years, you can put ₹25,000 in each FD.
Keep an eye on your FDs: Maintain a record of the maturity dates for each of your FDs. When an FD matures, you can withdraw the funds or reinvest them in another FD with a different maturity period.
Here are some pointers to help you maximise your FD returns through laddering:
FD laddering is a straightforward yet practical approach for increasing your FD returns. You can earn higher returns, have greater flexibility and liquidity, and reduce interest rate risk by spreading your entire investment amount over many FDs with varying maturities.
Implementing FD laddering is relatively straightforward, and you may make informed decisions using online tools such as FD calculators. When choosing the tenures for your FDs, consider your financial goals and liquidity needs, and take advantage of higher returns by investing in FDs with longer tenures. Following these guidelines, you may maximise your FD returns with laddering and attain your financial objectives.
How can I get the maximum return from a fixed deposit?
You may utilise the FD laddering method to earn better returns on deposits. It is a mix of multiple deposit tenures that would be ideal for investors to minimise reinvestment risk.
Can I invest in FD multiple times?
There is no limit to the number of fixed deposit accounts you may open, and the minimum deposit amount varies from one bank to another. However, insurance coverage under the DICGC (Deposit Insurance and Credit Guarantee Corporation), which is ₹5 lakhs, is unavailable on a single FD account. It applies collectively to all the FD accounts in a particular bank. For example, if you have 2 FDs in a bank of ₹5 lakhs each. When the bank defaults, You will get a cover of ₹5 lakhs even if your total deposit amounts to ₹10 lakhs. However, if ₹5 lakhs FD is with two different banks, and both the banks default, then you are eligible for ₹ 10 lakhs insurance.
Is FD better than stocks?
A fixed deposit is a financial tool with guaranteed returns. When you invest in a Fixed Deposit, you will receive both your capital and interest at the end of the investment term with negligible risks. However, there is no certainty while investing in the stock market because it is directly tied to market swings.