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List of Listed Bonds

The bonds issued by corporates and are listed on any one or more of the stock exchanges of India are called listed bonds. An issuer issuing listed bonds has to comply with the SEBI regulations specified by the regulator. Some of the relevant regulations in case of bonds are SEBI (Issue and Listing of Non Convertible Securities) Regulations, 2021 and SEBI (Listing Obligations and Disclosure Requirements) Regulations, 2015. For any bond which does not comply with the regulations, may attract penalties from the regulator.

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NameIssue SizeMaturityCoupon
Kotak Mahindra Prime LimitedCRISIL AAAINE916D08DT240.00Cr22 Jun 202310.50 %
HDB Financial Services LimitedCRISIL AAAINE756I08041100.00Cr17 Oct 202310.20 %
HDB Financial Services LimitedCRISIL AAAINE756I0806680.00Cr18 Mar 202410.19 %
Tata Capital Housing Finance LimitedCRISIL AAAINE033L0817148.00Cr26 Sep 202410.15 %
Bajaj Finance LimitedCRISIL AAAINE296A08714500.00Cr19 Sep 202410.15 %
HDB Financial Services LimitedCRISIL AAAINE756I0805850.00Cr20 Dec 202310.05 %
Tata Capital Housing Finance LimitedCRISIL AAAINE033L081557.70Cr10 Jan 202410.00 %
Sundaram Finance LimitedCRISIL AAAINE660A08BQ225.00Cr10 Nov 20249.80 %
Sundaram Finance LimitedCRISIL AAAINE660A08BR0100.00Cr12 Nov 20249.80 %
Bank Of BarodaCRISIL AAAINE028A080421000.00Cr01 Nov 20239.80 %

Who Issues Listed Bonds?

Private companies, Public Sector Undertakings (PSUs), and the government can list bonds. A Sovereign credit rating backs government bonds.

Benefits of Listed Bonds

Listed bonds have several benefits, as discussed below:

  • In terms of liquidity, listed bonds offer higher liquidity than unlisted bonds as the listed bonds can be easily traded in exchange.
  • They are easy to buy and sell as they are listed on stock exchanges like NSE and BSE.
  • Even the chances of default reduce as SEBI regulates listed bonds, while unlisted bonds are not.

Drawbacks of Listed Bonds

As every coin has two sides, so do listed bonds. Below we have listed a few drawbacks of the listed bonds:

  • If your primary purpose is not regular income and you don’t plan to hold the listed bond until maturity, it is subject to interest rate risk.
  • Whether listed or unlisted, both carry reinvestment risk.

How to Calculate Yields of Listed Bonds?

A yield is a number that shows the returns of any bond. Many times it is referred to as Yield to Maturity (YTM). You receive interest payments based on the coupon rate. You can calculate the YTM using the below formula:

YTM = [Annual Interest + {(FV - Price)/Maturity}]/[(FV+Price)/2]

Where,

YTM = Yield to Maturity
Annual Interest = Coupon payment that you receive annually.
FV = Face Value
Price  = Current Market Price of the Bond
Maturity = Number of years left till maturity

Let’s take an example to understand it better. Assume you invest in a bond having the following characteristicsLet’s take an example to understand it better. Assume you invest in a bond having the following characteristics:

ParticularsValues
Face Value  ₹1,000
Annual Coupon Rate  7%
Annual Interest Payout  ₹70
Time to Maturity  5 years
Current Market Value of the Bond  ₹850

So, if we plug in all the values in the above formula, the YTM for the bond in the example works out to be 10.8%:

YTM = [70 + {(1000-850)/5}] / [(1000+850)/2]

However, if we change the bond's current market value to ₹1,100, then the YTM works out to be 4.8%. From this, we can understand the relationship between YTM and bond prices. As and when YTM increases, bond prices decrease and vice versa.

However, a lot of people often confuse YTM with coupons. A coupon is a predetermined rate when you buy the bond and is applied on the face value of the bond, while the YTM is the prevailing market rate of the bond reflecting the annualised return the investor will make.

How Are Listed Bonds Taxed?

Listed bonds are taxed similarly to other debt securities excluding tax-saving bonds. Any interest the investors earn on the listed bonds is taxed as per the individual tax slabs.

In case the bond is sold before maturity, any gains arising on sale of bond would be classified as capital gains. For listed bonds, if the holding period is above 12 months,any gains arising from sale of such bonds would be long term capital gains. Similarly, for any listed bond, if the holding period is 12 months or less, any gains arising from sale of such bonds would be short term capital gains.

In the case of STCG, the gains are added to the investor’s income and taxed as per individual tax slabs. Whereas in the case of LTCG, gains are taxed 10% without indexation benefit, plus any surcharge.

Also, from April 1, 2023, the tax deducted at source (TDS) will be 10% on any interest payment made by the Issuer.

Who Should Invest in Listed Bonds?

For those looking who wish to take additional risk than fixed deposits, for those extra returns can invest in listed bonds. Moreover, those concerned about credibility can invest in listed bonds as SEBI regulates them. However, if you are looking for even higher returns than listed bonds, you can deal in unlisted bonds.

FAQs about Listed Bonds

What is a listed bond?

Listed bonds are those that are listed on exchanges such as NSE (National Stock Exchange) and BSE (Bombay Stock Exchange) that help companies to raise capital from the public.

Are listed bonds taxable?

Yes, listed bonds are taxable where the gains made in the short-term are added to income and are taxed as per individual tax slab. In the case of long-term gains, they are taxed at 10% without indexation. Moreover, 10% of TDS (Tax Deducted at Source) applies.

Can I buy bonds directly from NSE?

Investors can invest directly via NSE in T-Bills (Treasury Bills) and Government of India dated bonds. You can do so by registering to the NSE goBID platform.

How do I invest in listed bonds?

You can buy senior secured bonds in India through your Demat account with a securities broker.

Is TDS deducted on RBI bonds?

TDS applies to RBI bonds if the interest amount goes beyond ₹10,000 in a given financial year.
Disclaimer: The facts and information on this page are for information and awareness purposes only. No information provided here is intended towards any specific user and should not be construed as investment advice or a recommendation of any kind whatsoever. You are requested to consult with your professional investment advisor or tax advisor for specific directions on any investments in any securities including the bonds mentioned on this page before making any investment decision. Wint Wealth shall not be liable for any losses incurred by you based on an investment decision utilising the information on this page.